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  • Learning disabilities or "Challenges" is a general term that refers to a heterogeneous group of disorders manifested by significant difficulties in the use of listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning or mathematics skills. Learning disabilities may occur concomitantly with other difficulties, or with extrinsic influences (cultural difference, inadequate instruction), but they are not the result of these conditions or influences. The terms Learning Disabilities/ Challenges are used interchangeably.

  • In order to understand these, it is necessary to exclude certain factors as primary causation: psychological disturbances, mental retardation, inadequate educational experiences, environmental deprivation, and sensory or neurological disease.
  • A marked discrepancy between ability and achievement must also be established. A person does not outgrow learning disabilities. Learning challenges span all levels of intelligence, from average to gifted and above. Yet, since there is no outward manifestations of disability, LD students may experience credibility problems when they ask for assistance. The fact is that learning disabilities are as real as visible physical disabilities and may be incapacitating when performance in severe deficit areas is required.Though learning disabilities make academic achievement difficult, the studet's capacity for learning is intact. It is the means by which information is processed in which the difference is manifested.
  • Having a learning disability does not mean being unable to learn. It does, however, mean that the person may have to use adaptive methods to process information so that learnin can be accomplished. A learning disability exists whin information is absorbed through the senses, but inaccurately transmitted to the brain or inappropriately expressed. LD students must recieve and transmit information in forms that work best for them.

  • Many LD Students develop unconventional methods of learning out of necessity, because traditional methods may not work effectively for them. Tutoring in spelling and math is usually required. Atudents with learning disabilities can generally learn better when as many senses as possible are used in the teaching and learniing process: visual, auditory, kinesthetic, and tactile.

    Information processing deficits are found in the following areas:

  • auditory processing

  • visual processing

  • informaion processing speed

  • Reasoning

  • memory (long-term, short-term, visual, auditory)

  • and written language skills

  • reading skills

  • sequencing skills

  • mathematical skills

  • motor skills, hand/eye coordination

  • executive functioning (planning)

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